Confused? You don't need to be.

Confused? You don't need to be.

Tuesday 1st Sep 2015

We like to make things easy for our customers, so we've compiled a quick and easy to understand guide to some key terminology. If there is anything missing from the list below that you need clarifying, email us at and we'll get back to you with an easy to understand definition ASAP.

RH&D - this is our most commonly requested definition. RH&D stand for 'receipt, handling and dispatch' When goods arrive at  warehouse, they need to be unloaded from whatever type of vehicle, or container they have arrived on. This can be via various types of fork trucks, pallet trucks or even manually handled in some cases. 
Corresponding paperwork must be checked off against the goods to ensure there aren't any discrepancies or damage. BIL, and many similar logistics providers will then input the stock numbers/SKU numbers or reference on to our internal systems so we can keep a track of your stock whilst it's in our care.

As well as goods in, a similar process must be applied for goods out. Stock needs to be located, prepared for shipping (palletising, wrapping, placing in a box etc), the paperwork prepared and Warehouse Management systems updated.

All in all, a lot of work goes in to the input and output of goods from a warehouse.RH&D is normally charged each way, although sometimes you may see an all inclusive 'in & out'charge.

Standard and Euro Pallets - pallets come in all different sizes, materials and colours. The two most commonly used pallets are wooden Standard and Euro pallets. The difference between the two is size, standard pallets have dims of 1200 x 1000mms, and Euro pallets have dims of 1200 x 800mms. 

Tail lift vehicle - We often deliver goods to locations where there are no fork lift trucks, in this instance we would need a vehicle that has a tail lift. The tail lift negates the need for a fork truck, as it does the work for you. A pallet truck can then be used to moved the pallets to where they need to be.

Shipping containers - Shipping containers come in different sizes, the most common sizes are 20ft, 40ft and 40ft high cube. A Full Container Load is abbreviated to FCL. If a full container is not required, then a Less than Container Load may be your answer. Consolidating agents (like us!) then work with shipping companies to group together your cargo with other companies cargo. When the goods arrive at port, the different shipments are then seperated and then distributed to their onward destination.

Airway Bill - besides the goods themselves, this is the most important part of any air shipment. An Airway Bill is a document made out by the shipper, or on their behalf (we do a lot of this at BIL) The AWB is the contract between the shipper and the airline that is carrying the goods. It covers the goods from airport to airport.

Bill of Lading - a Bill of Lading is a contract between the person who owns the goods, and the person receiving them.The document gives title to the person receiving them as the owner of the goods. There are different types of Bills of Lading, a Straight Bill of Lading, and an Order Bill of Lading. A Straight Bill of Lading is where the goods have been paid for prior to delivery. An Order Bill of Lading is the opposite, where the goods have not been paid for. Both have different implications and at BIL we'd be happy to walk you through the process.

Certificate of Origin - this is a very important document for anyone sending goods outside of the EU. The International Chamber of Commerce states that 'A Certificate of Origin (CO) is an important international trade document attesting that goods in a particular export shipment are wholly obtained, produced, manufactured or processed in a particular country.' In short, your goods can't leave the country without one. Your local Chamber of Commerce will be able to help you with this, especially for countries in the Middle East where it is compulsory to have them notarised.

Commercial Invoice - in short, the bill for the goods from the seller to the buyer.These are used by the receiving countries Governments to determine the duties that should be paid on the goods.

These terms are just some of the more frequent enquiries we receive, it's not just the terminology itself that can be confusing, it's also the implications if the paperwork isn't completed correctly.

Contact us today to see how we may be able to take the pain out of storing and shipping your goods.
01384 429 590
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